on all orders above $300.00

FREE Pills!


for free with every order



Less than in your
local pharmacy

Search by letter:


Enter coupon: (if you have one)

Bromodel (Bromocriptine)

Bromodel (Parlodel) comes as a capsule and a tablet to take by mouth. Bromodel (Cycloset) comes as a tablet to take by mouth. When Bromodel (Parlodel) is used to treat hyperprolactinemia, it is usually taken once a day with food. When Bromodel (Parlodel) is used to treat acromegaly, it is usually taken once a day at bedtime with food. When Bromodel (Parlodel) is used to treat Parkinson's disease, it is usually taken twice a day with food. Bromodel (Cycloset) is usually taken once a day with food within 2 hours of waking in the morning. Take Bromodel at around the same time(s) every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take Bromodel exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Your doctor will probably start you on a low dose of Bromodel and gradually increase your dose, not more than once every 2 to 28 days. The timing of the dose increases depends on the condition being treated and on your response to the medication.

Bromodel may help to control your condition but will not cure it. It may take some time for you to feel the full benefit of Bromodel. Do not stop taking Bromodel without talking to your doctor. If you stop taking Bromodel, your condition may worsen.

If you are taking Bromodel (Cycloset) for diabetes, ask your pharmacist or doctor for a copy of the manufacturer's information for the patient.

Other names for this medication:
Bromocriptine, Parlodel, Brameston, Bromed, Bromergon, Bromocriptina, Bromodel, Cripsa, Criten, Cycloset, Deparo, Ergoset, Gynodel, Kirim, Kripton, Kriptonal, Melen, Pravidel,

Similar Products:
Pantin, Amoklavin, Presec, Lozol, Marevan, Noroxin, Azantac, Carbex, Vermox, Campin, Asiviral, Noroclav, Fursemid, Wiatrim, Ulcotenal, Cripsa, Bicalox, Metroderme, Clamicil, Bromocriptine, Laira, Carbamazepine, Amixx, Stocrin, Benzhexol, Kovar, Loram, Lupimox, Pandev, Himox, Prolifen, Candidin, Alap, Brameston, Bexinor, Padet, Cozac, Talohexal, Nograine, Losaprex, Paritaprevir, Rispone, Reskuin, Indobiotic, Citapram, Glaveral, Lexinor, Recoxa, Prisdal,

bromodel tablets

A spontaneous red clover necrotic mosaic virus mutant with a truncated movement protein. Subproteomic signature comparison of in vitro selected fluoroquinolone resistance and ciprofloxacin stress in Salmonella Typhimurium DT104B.

bromodel drug

Organelle interactions and possible degradation pathways visualized in high-pressure frozen algal cells. A change at this position was found to induce a structural aberration, since the major protein product observed in transfected cells had an apparent molecular weight of 150,000, whereas the wild-type enzyme had an apparent molecular weight of approximately 170,000. This report describes a woman with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy in whom initial hemodynamic improvement by dual chamber (DDD) pacing with short atrioventricular delay was excellent, but severe mitral regurgitation developed during the subsequent follow-up period, resulting in refractory congestive heart failure.

bromodel tablets

During the acclimation period lasting 15days (30min settling time) had a strong effect on the bacterial community. Because catheterization was perceived as a practical measure, it generated little scientific controversy. Expectant management of preterm superimposed preeclampsia among women with CHTN is a reasonable management strategy, but associated with some maternal morbidity.

bromodel drug

Chicken osteoclasts treated with Z-Phe-Ala-CHN2, a generalized cysteine proteinase inhibitor, had both cathepsins inhibited to the same extent. CCZ1, MON1 and YPT7 gene orthologues are essential for multiple delivery pathways in P. Habituation of skin conductance responses to a series of ten innocuous tones (80 dB, 1 s) did not differ between the groups.

bromodel tablets

Although prolonging transplant survival to an extent, fatal rejection of tracheal allografts was not preventable by prior cryopreservation. Incorporating problem-based learning into an undergraduate community nutrition class. Complications including pneumonia, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, infection, organ failure, acute renal failure, sepsis and death were documented.

bromodel drug

Since 1983, numerous studies have confirmed the efficacy of imipenem/cilastatin as monotherapy for polymicrobial and multiresistant infections. The v-MFG test: investigating maternal, offspring and maternal-fetal genetic incompatibility effects on disease and viability.

bromodel drug

Despite advances in antimicrobial therapy and medical support, septic shock remains a leading cause of death. For investigations into the digestion of protein in pigs and the amounts of N excreted into the environment, it is of importance to measure the ileal digestibility of protein. Dual promoter of Agrobacterium tumefaciens mannopine synthase genes is regulated by plant growth hormones. A phylogenetic analysis of ITS rDNA sequences from 26 taxa of the family Sclerotiniaceae was performed to conclude on the systematic position of the new fungus. The preservation of the distal abutment of the free end removable partial denture.

bromodel tablets

To investigate the effects of Xuezhikang (XZK) on serum levels of high sensitivity-C reactive protein (Hs-CRP), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and lipoprotein in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Platelet-activating factor hydrolysis is significantly lower in fetuses than adults. Thus, with careful interpretation, predictive FHR patterns can be a useful screening test for fetal asphyxia. Determination of the mass concentration and the activity of the plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). This article uses the 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccination program experience to introduce a cost analysis approach that may be relevant for planning mass prophylaxis operations, such as vaccination clinics at public health centers, work sites, schools, or pharmacy-based clinics.

bromodel tablets

Interference effects in the recombination process of hydrogenlike lead. Temporal bone involvement by prostatic adenocarcinoma: report of two cases and review of the literature. The isthmic part of the normal Fallopian tube showed moderately intense staining of the entire lamina propria, whereas normal fimbriae stained weakly.

bromocriptine side effects tingling in right

  • drug parlodel bromocriptine
  • aspen bromocriptine tablets
  • dopamine agonists such as cabergoline and bromocriptine dose
  • bromocriptine vs parlodel
  • bromocriptine dose neuroleptic malignant syndrome seroquel
  • bromocriptine brand name in pakistan tresemme
  • bromocriptine bcs classification solubility
  • bromocriptine 2 5 mg tabletas efervescentes
  • where to get bromocriptine dose
  • bromocriptine prices
  • parlodel 2 5 mg bromocriptine prolactinoma
  • bromocriptine renal dosing for augmentin
  • bromocriptine parlodel dosage
  • bromocriptine zentiva pharma
  • bromocriptine price usa
  • bromocriptine mesylate 2.5mg price turkey
  • bromocriptine side effects bodybuilding forum
  • apo bromocriptine mesylate uses
  • bromocriptine bcs classification of diclofenac
  • bromocriptine drugbank canada
  • bromocriptine mesylate 0.8 mg tablets
  • dose of bromocriptine drug interactions
  • bromocriptine drug classification
  • bromocriptine mechanism of action
  • bromocriptine side effects tingling in right
  • buy bromocriptine mesylate
  • parlodel 2 5 mg bromocriptine weight
  • bromocriptine drug action pack
  • bromocriptine dose for milk suppression defense
  • bromocriptine mesylate cap 5 mg
  • bromocriptine dosage for cushing's
  • bromocriptine mesylate pregnancy
  • lisuride bromocriptine uses
  • bromocriptine dose in hyperprolactinemia
  • bromodel tablets
  • bromocriptine side effects bodybuilding motivation
  • bromocriptine bodybuilding dose
  • bromocriptine dosing for sympathetic storms
  • bromocriptine drug study scribd login
  • bromocriptine versus cabergoline
  • bromocriptine drug dosage practice
  • bromocriptine vs cabergoline infertility
  • parlodel 2 5 mg bromocriptine diabetes
  • bromocriptine prolactin and impotence
  • bromocriptine dose in hyperprolactinemia treatment
  • bromodel drug
  • bromocriptine side effects headache
  • bromocriptine restless leg syndrome
  • bromocriptine while pregnant
  • can you buy bromocriptine over the counter
  • bromocriptine mesylate manufacturer india
  • bromocriptine pregnant cardiomyopathy and pregnancy
  • bromocriptine 2.5 mg coupons
  • ergot bromocriptine vs cabergoline
  • can you get pregnant while taking bromocriptine
  • bromocriptine side effects headache and nausea
  • bromocriptine vs cabergoline libido women
  • bromocriptine dose in hyperprolactinemia icd-9
  • bromocriptine brand name in pakistan hyderabad
  • parkinson bromocriptine dose
  • bromocriptine price ukg

bromodel drug

We conclude with an example of the application of this method to a single patient. The biodistribution, specificity, immunogenicity, and cytotoxic activity of the immunotoxin are but a few of the factors that govern the effectiveness of these compounds in the treatment of patients with cancer. This is the first study using a functional in-vitro assay to assess the effect of HAART on immune responses to mycobacteria in HIV-infected children.

bromodel tablets

The partially purified leukotoxin had a molecular weight of 104,000, as estimated by using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and reacted on an immunoblot with an antileukotoxin monoclonal antibody. They can then be modified by replacing surface-bound proteins with engineered, heterologously expressed variants or through chemical conjugation, resulting in altered mechanical, surface and targeting properties. Although the quantity of tears in patients with mild self-reported office dry eye was not decreased, ocular surface damage was present.

bromodel tablets

Without a proper confirmation algorithm, there is concern that false-positive (FP) RDTs could result in misdiagnosis of HIV infection and inappropriate antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation, but programmatic data on FP are few. The viability of spermatozoa is a crucial parameter to evaluate their quality that is an important issue in ecotoxicological studies. In the analysis, two sets of activity patterns were identified, depending on whether the child was disabled or not and on the gender of the child.

bromocriptine 2 5 mg tabletas efervescentes

The result also demonstrated that the addition of BSA conferred a liver protective effect against CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity, whereas combination of CCl4 and BSA proved to be detrimental for kidneys. Follow-up assessment also included radiographic views of the lumbar spine in two planes in flexion and extension and standing. Papillary thyroid carcinoma with exuberant nodular fasciitis-like stroma: treatment outcome and prognosis. This article explains important aspects of feline communication and how our actions affect cats. Mepolizumab for Eosinophilic Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

bromocriptine mesylate cap 5 mg

Small noncoding RNAs are key controllers of cellular function, and their deregulation can lead to cancer development and metastatic evolution. They underwent 2 nights of polysomnography followed by a multiple sleep latency test. This was followed by the construction of a CUSUM chart displaying the effect of the Gateshead initiative. An Organizational Model for Excellence in Healthcare Delivery: Evidence From Winners of the Baldrige Quality Award.

bromocriptine renal dosing for augmentin

With progress in genetics and cell biology, the precise deficits in the genome and the specific biochemical abnormalities associated with these defects will be elucidated. However, the inflammatory response was predominantly neutrophil-based and displayed a Th1 response in the absence of IL-12. A permanent cell line, BO-101, was derived from a classic vermian medulloblastoma in a 9-year-old child.

apo bromocriptine mesylate uses

But, using genetic analyses, we demonstrate that the restriction on bacterial growth at elevated temperatures is conferred only by the mutation within the putative ATP-binding domain. The accuracy of our new approach is comparable to that of calculations performed using other approximate methods over a relatively broad range of model parameters. In the presence of an adenosine uptake inhibitor, dipyridamole (1 microM), NZ-107 (0.3-1 microM) enhanced adenosine-induced relaxation in 30 nM leukotriene D4 (LTD4)-precontracted trachea, whereas aminophylline (AP, 10-30 microM), an adenosine receptor antagonist, markedly inhibited it.

bromocriptine side effects headache and nausea

Variations of lignocellulosic activities in dual cultures of Pleurotus ostreatus and Trichoderma longibrachiatum on unsterilized wheat straw. Overall digital photography shows equivalent accuracy and near-equivalent precision to visual estimation and goniometry. This transient flux is thought to occur through the membrane dissociation of the calcium-bound protein annexin VI. Comparison of Resilience and Psychological Wellbeing in Women with Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Normal Women. In particular, a group of bacteria-regulated miRNAs targets protein-coding genes that are involved in plant hormone biosynthesis and signaling pathways, including those in auxin, abscisic acid, and jasmonic acid pathways.

bromocriptine dose for milk suppression defense

Prevention of sporogony of Plasmodium vivax in Anopheles albimanus by steroids of Solanum nudum Dunal (Solanaceae). This paper provides evidence that economically disadvantaged and racial/ethnic minority populations have substantial environmental challenges to overcome to become physically active, to acquire healthy dietary habits, and to maintain a healthy weight. Myofascial trigger points (MFTPs) have been cited by numerous authors as the cause of local and referred pain which arises from muscle and its surrounding fascia. Phenotypic expressions of hereditary Transthyretin Ala97Ser related Amyloidosis (ATTR) in Taiwanese.

bromocriptine mesylate cap 5 mg

Thoracic pedicle screws provide improved curve correction over hook and wire or hybrid constructs for AIS. In melanoma, intraoperative lymph node mapping with sentinel lymphadenectomy is an effective and minimally invasive alternative to ALND for identifying nodes containing metastases. Gait analysis showed that decreased WeeFIM scores in the mobility domain are associated with slower and shorter steps, and increased step width, compensating for imbalance. A new paradigm of G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling at intracellular sites has recently emerged, but the underlying mechanisms and functional consequences are insufficiently understood. The employment and utilization of an executive secretary for the component society.

bromocriptine brand name in pakistan tresemme

IQ intraclass correlations were similar for the two MZ twin samples (.84 and .88), and identical for the two DZ twin samples (.54). AKT1 kinase colocalizes and directly interacts with DNMT1 and phosphorylates Ser143. Series of spiral drawings of patients with essential tremor were visually rated by a board of experts. To determine if a povidone iodine rectal preparation (PIRP) reduces rates of bacteriuria and bacteremia following transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy (TRUS PNB). Interaction and comparison of a class I hydrophobin from Schizophyllum commune and class II hydrophobins from Trichoderma reesei.

bromocriptine vs cabergoline libido women

The proposed method is suitable for studying competitive binding interactions in biological specimens. A preliminary study of the rheological behaviour of visible gastric mucus in patients with duodenal ulcer and in controls indicates that duodenal ulceration is associated with an increase in the viscosity of visible gastric mucus. In this work, a further analysis of the phage-encoded elements involved in integration was performed. It was found that microwave irradiation could significantly promote the chemical reaction efficiency and accelerate the carboxymethylation of hemicelluloses with sodium monochloroacetate. We found that while cysteamine can react with palmitoyl-CoA, the rate constant is 10(3)-fold less than the reaction with cystine.

ergot bromocriptine vs cabergoline

Tubulolobular carcinoma of the breast with grooved and cerebriform nuclei: failure to identify this specific subtype in a case during routine fine needle aspiration cytology and histopathological diagnosis. They reach their greatest compaction during chromosome condensation in mitosis. This study provides information about multidrug strategies for the prevention/treatment of cardiac injury induced by oxidative stress. To determine the occurrence of blindness following orbital surgery. This study was designed to clarify the mechanisms of the hypocholesterolemic action of Spirulina platensis concentrate (SPC) and identify the novel hypocholesterolemic protein derived from SPC.

bromocriptine while pregnant

Transverse versus longitudinal arteriotomy: an experimental study in dogs. Co-treatment of chetomin and TRAIL did not enhance apoptosis in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC).

bromocriptine side effects tingling in right

A fusion gene is a hybrid gene consisting of parts from two previously independent genes. The patients in population A had a wide range of age (18-82 years), bodyweight (40.7-216.5 kg) and BMI values (17.1-69.9 kg/m2). The recent advances in genotyping and molecular techniques have greatly increased the knowledge of the human genome structure.

parkinson bromocriptine dose

Usage of ambulance transport and influencing factors in acute coronary syndrome: a cross-sectional study at a tertiary centre in China. Luteinizing hormone secretory pattern before and after removal of Leydig cell tumor of the testis. The present study demonstrated that the UV/MA ratio of vecuronium as an index of the placental transfer becomes smaller as the delivery time after injection of this drug becomes shorter during caesarean section. Surgical options are explored and clinical examples are provided. Children treated with metronomic chemotherapy in a low-income country: METRO-MALI-01.

lisuride bromocriptine uses

The frontal eye field (FEF) has long been regarded as a cortical area critically involved in the execution of voluntary saccadic eye movements. Life-sustaining treatment decisions for nursing home residents: who discusses, who decides and what is decided? In other international studies, it has been determined the levels of house dust mite antigen needed to sensitize asthmatic patients, but few studies in Mexico have measured the concentration of house dust mite antigen before the initial treatment and correlated the sensitization to it with the levels of total IgE and the skin test. Antiangiogenic activity of curcumin in hepatocellular carcinoma cells implanted nude mice.

bromocriptine renal dosing for augmentin

Most cases reported previously were associated with pancreas divisum and a santorinicele without pancreas divisum is known to be rare. In addition, radiotherapy of the hepatic area, which is mainly stereotactic, now occupies a central place in the management of primary or secondary hepatic tumors. CONCLUSIONS SCO of the adenohypophysis should be considered in patients who present suddenly with symptoms of pituitary apoplexy and intraventricular hemorrhage which may worsen the prognosis. The composition of PM2.5 from both sources can inhibit GJIC, suggesting decreasing GJIC may be related to the biological mechanisms of toxicity caused by PM2.5.

bromocriptine zentiva pharma

The cognitive behavioral group had significantly less pain, was more active, enjoyed better quality of life, and had better general health relative to the information comparison group. We next explore the interfacial behavior of CyMe(4)BTBP in its neutral versus protonated states and of 1:1 Eu(NO(3))(3)(CyMe(4)BTBP) complexes at the aqueous interface with an octanol-hexane mixture.

can you get pregnant while taking bromocriptine

Because of its low propensity for producing rebound insomnia, temazepam can be effectively used in this manner. Its activities and subsequent data analysis needs were divided into four cycles (1999-2003).

bromocriptine mesylate 2.5mg price turkey

Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (ARS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder with ocular anterior segment dysgenesis and systemic anomalies. Syncope occurs when hypotension is severe, and susceptibility increases with hyperventilation, hypocapnia, and cerebral vasoconstriction.

 Show Hide 
bromocriptine bcs classification solubility 2018-06-19

Plasma sterols and depressive symptom severity in a population-based cohort. Unintentional arterial catheterization and ultramox forte bupivacaine toxicity associated with continuous interscalene brachial plexus block. Elucidating these mediators and the timing of their participation in pulmonary inflammation is critical in translating our current knowledge to new therapeutic strategies at the bedside. MRC-Wellcome Trust Human Developmental Biology Resource: enabling studies of human developmental gene expression.

bromocriptine dose in hyperprolactinemia 2014-11-18

Implications of these studies for recognition of thymine lesions by endonuclease III are also discussed. Toward the laboratory identification of nateglinide contraindications for nitroglycerin the not-so-simple NS2 neutral and anion isomers. Mutation rate estimates are twofold higher in males than in females.

bromocriptine dose in hyperprolactinemia 2015-06-18

The purpose of this study is to establish the tensile strength of the alar ligaments for better understanding the implications that can arise from trauma and spitomin 10 mg indicatii controloc other pathologies in the craniocervical region. Airborne fungi and their secondary metabolites in working places in a compost facility. Functional receptors could not be reconstituted from any of these subunits taken singly or in twos and threes. Fully numerical relativistic calculations for diatomic molecules using the finite-element method.

bromocriptine pregnant cardiomyopathy and pregnancy 2011-01-10

During kidney development many proteases are involved with the remodeling process of repligen protein a elisa kit 9333-1 the extracellular matrix (ECM) during nephrogenesis. Subsequent analyses included tests of group interactions related to race/ethnicity and offense type. Flow cytometric detection of receptors for interleukin-6 on bone marrow and peripheral blood cells of humans and rhesus monkeys.

bromocriptine side effects tingling in right 2019-08-16

The first term is modulated by the carrier frequency, which is determined by the longitudinal scanning mechanism, whereas the other term is modulated by the beat peptac peppermint liquid ingredients definition frequency between the carrier frequency and the second harmonic of the modulation frequency of the polarization modulator. To gain insights on the binding parameters that characterize antibody/epitopes affinity, we selected the most reactive epitope of the series (LAC1) and performed a Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging (SPRi) analysis comparing different epitope architectures (linear versus branched versus tandem). Implications of these findings for our understanding of attitudes towards GM food and their impact on behaviour are discussed. Initially, a series of 10 questions were formulated in the areas of pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment to obtain a consensus by panels of experts (see Acknowledgments) assembled in San Antonio, TX, in September 2000.

can you get pregnant while taking bromocriptine 2010-01-10

Antipsychotics are efficacious for tics and are increasingly prescribed to children with behavioral disorders. Some derivatives proved to be highly effective in decreasing cellular CD4 and in acting as HIV entry inhibitors. To study the effects of formaldehyde on ovarian histopathology structure, oocyte ultrastructure and apoptosis of eflagen 50 mg obat apa female rats. Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) developed a shallow body shape when feeding on zooplankton prey and a deep body shape when feeding on benthic chironomids. Sister chromatid exchange in lymphocytes of patients with cancer of the larynx.

bromocriptine vs cabergoline libido women 2010-11-18

Relationship between schizophrenia and cognitive functions has been reported by several studies. For maximizing resource utilization and minimizing the total transmission power, STBC and adaptive modulation techniques are used in the proposed 802.11 n wireless telemedicine system. Over the last year we have encountered two such cases in whom emergency and prompt decompression of the adenoma resulted in an genurin flavoxate hydrochloride is used for improvement of the initial clinical presentation but nevertheless persistence of residual and devastating ocular manifestations. In certain neuronal cells, UBX and ABD-A proteins appear to repress by competing for common binding sites with another homeodomain protein, which we propose to be ANTP acting to induce P2 transcription in an autoregulatory manner.

bromocriptine dosing for sympathetic storms 2013-12-02

The results indicate that the N and C domains of all three paralogues are independent dimerization modules and that the intact Abh and SpoVT proteins are most probably tetramers. This paper presents initiatives promoting circular migration of diaspora health professionals to contribute to health service delivery and capacity development in their countries of origin. Numerical analysis of the accuracy of the physics-based models is what will potentiate klonopin withdrawal performed, and tracking results on real data are presented.

bromocriptine dose for milk suppression defense 2018-07-07

Synthesis of MMs leads to determination of radiological invariants (constants), which can become a basis for a new branch of medical science, quantitative radiology. IgM antibody to EEE virus was detected in three bird species collected nucalm ebay uk in the swamp. ALTERED METABOLIC PATHWAYS IN CHRONIC PANCREATITIS AND PANCREATIC CANCER. Tacrolimus was markedly effective in achieving subjective, laboratory and radiographic improvement in both patients. Structural and thermodynamical characterization of the complete p21 gene product of Max.

lisuride bromocriptine uses 2014-08-14

3 A significant increase in inflammatory cells was obtained in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) 24h after PAF exposure in vehicle-treated rabitts. The PLS-4 (Preschool Language Scale, 4th edition) is a psychometrically sound instrument constructed to assess language skills in children from birth to 6 years 11 months. Careful epoxidation of the delta 16-olefins 3 and 4 yielded 16 alpha,17 alpha-epoxides 5 and 6 which were reduced by lithium aluminium hydride, oxidized, and dehydrated to 17 alpha-hydroxycholest-4-en-3-one 20, i.e., an epitestosterone homolog containing a well tolerated alkyl group at position tinuvin 770 fda recalls 17. The sensitivities of the assays in clinically relevant matrices were 50 pg/ml for serotypes A and E, 100 pg/ml for serotype B, and 400 pg/ml for serotype F.

bromocriptine bodybuilding dose 2011-10-13

Finally, both patients underwent transplantation and after more than 20 months of imaging surveillance, no locoregional or systemic recurrence have been observed. 112 men with symptoms of ischemic basocin nebenwirkungen magnesium heart disease were included in the study.

parlodel 2 5 mg bromocriptine prolactinoma 2014-03-04

Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) venlafaxine tablets 75mg methylates and thereby modulates the therapeutic and toxic effects of these drugs. To test whether smeDEF overexpression leads to a predictable multi-drug resistance phenotype in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and to measure the frequency with which smeDEF overexpression occurs in clinical isolates and in spontaneous drug-resistant mutants. Iran is one of the major consumers of opium and opiate substances in the world.